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BUSINESS IN FRANCE

Auto recycling

Composition of an
End-of-Life Vehicle (ELV)

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POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS

An End-of-Life Vehicle (ELV) is composed mainly of metals and various types of plastic. It also has pollutant liquids (engine and gearbox oils, brake fluids, etc.) and organic materials that cannot be recycled.
It is essential that it is dealt with by an authorised centre so that it can be depolluted, dismantled and recycled in accordance with the regulations in force.
9 KG OF CABLES/ELV

MASS COMPOSITION OF A RECENT VEHICLE

Analysis performed by Re-source on a fuel-free vehicle
schema0001 14,3 % POLYMER 4,2 % ELASTOMERS 2,3 % FLUIDS 2,1 % GLASS 0,8 % NATURAL MATERIALS 0,6 % OTHERS 75,6 % METALS 84,8 % Steel 35 % Other polymers 28 % PP  (20 kg per vehicle) 19 % P/E 8 % PURE 6 % PA 4 % ABS 12,5 % Aluminium 1,5 % Other metals 1,2 % Copper METALS POLYMERS

BUSINESS IN FRANCE

Auto recycling

Dismantling process

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OPTIMISATION AND PERFORMANCE

The process defined by INDRA teams meets regulatory requirements whilst improving the productivity of companies and the working conditions of their employees. This process is based on the complementary nature of the performances of the 2 main players in the ELV processing sector, the dismantling centre and the crushing centre

PROCESSING OF AN ELV

schema_recyclage DEPOLLUTIONMAKING SAFEDISMANTLINGOF PARTSAND MATERIALS CARCASS ELV ATF Parts destinedfor re-use Depollutionwaste Materials intended for recycling or waste recovery CRUSHINGPOST-CRUSHINGTREATMENT Depollutionwaste Energy recovery Recycling Put into landfill Ferrous metals Non-ferrous metals CRUSHER

THE 5 STAGES OF RECYCLING

Optimised process
25 cars/day per team - 5500 vehicles/year
1
Vehicle treatment and expertise

Regulatory registration in a police register and identification (traceability by barcode).

2
Ensuring safety

Securing the vehicle to prevent any danger during dismantling
Setting off the vehicle’s pyrotechnical components (airbags, etc.)

3
Depollution

Performance of compulsory depollution operations (extraction of fluids, batteries, catalytic converters and particulate filters).

4
Targeted dismantling

Dismantling and sorting of parts and materials for their final destinations.

5
Marketing of parts and materials
  • Second-hand parts will be resold for export or on the national market (professionals or individuals).
  • The tyres will mainly be directed towards the energy recovery or material recovery sectors.
  • Other materials such as wiring, electronic units, plastic from bumpers, etc. will be marketed to recycling sectors.

BUSINESS IN FRANCE

Auto recycling

Recycling of parts and materials

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THREE MAJOR CHALLENGES

Écologique

ECOLOGICAL

  • Conserve natural resources of raw materials
  • Contribute to the improvement of the carbon footprint in the life cycle of the vehicle
Économique

ECONOMICAL

  • Develop the re-use of second-hand spare parts, the cost of which is less than it is for new parts. This facilitates the repair of damaged vehicles and the cost of fleet maintenance
  • Produce recycled materials
Sociale

SOCIETAL

  • The authorised treatment facilities represent 17,000 direct jobs and thousands of indirect jobs generated by the activities of crushing and recycling of materials.
  • Second-hand spare parts facilitate the mobility of our fellow citizens. 

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SECOND-HAND AUTO PARTS

The trade in second-hand automotive parts is an historical business that is essential for ELV centres. They use several distribution channels, in stores and on-line, for both individuals and professionals.

INDRA has joined Sidexa* to create the PRECIS system in order to establish sustainably the Re-usable Spare Part in repairs for all professional automotive players.

 * Leader in software for automobile data and digital identity management.

20 to 30 parts per vehicle

Depending on the type of vehicle 20 to 30 parts are extracted for the second-hand market.
Pièce réemploi

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RECYCLING OF MATERIALS

Parts that cannot be marketed for quality reasons or an absence of customers are directed to the appropriate recycling for the material in their composition.

BUSINESS IN FRANCE

Auto recycling

Regulations
in France

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EUROPEAN DIRECTIVE

The French regulations relating to the processing of ELVs derive from the European Directive 2053/EC.
> Which vehicles are concerned? 
Private cars, utility vehicles with a GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) of less than 3.5 tons as well as three-wheel mopeds mentioned in Article R 311-1 of the French Highway Code.

> Who can deal with ELVs? 
Only ELV centres approved by the prefectures are authorised to deal with ELVs and issue owners with destruction certificates.

> Which processing methods are authorised? 
Components and materials from ELVs should preferably be re-used (subject to their traceability), recovered and, in particular, recycled rather than destroyed, whenever this is economically possible.
> What should an owner pay to have an ELV processed? 
Approved treatment facilities cannot invoice owners who hand over an ELV at the entrance to their establishment for any costs, unless the vehicle has had its essential components removed (particularly the drive train or the catalytic converter), or there is equipment that is not approved and/or waste present in the vehicle.

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OBLIGATIONS OF AN AUTHORISED TREATMENT FACILITY

ATFs must undertake the management, storage, depollution and dismantling of the ELV
In particular this requires them to have:
95%

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95%

Since January 2015 the regulations concerning the processing of ELVs require a 95% recovery of the mass of each ELV, with the objectives specific to the ATFs and the crushers for non-metallic materials.

 Achieving 100% recyclability does not pose any technical problems, but achieving 100% recyclability in the economic balance of the sector is an exponentially growing difficulty.
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